The National Energy Conservation Act came into force on
1st March 2002. To implement the Act, the Bureau of Energy Efficiency
(BEE) has been established by the Government of India in New
Delhi. The improvement of energy efficiency in the country is
to be achieved through various regulatory and promotional instruments.
EC Act provides the following: Every State Government may, by
notification in consultation with BEE designate the State nodal
agency for the implementation of the Act. The State Government
will constitute a fund to be called State Energy Conservation
Fund, the proceeds of which will be used for implementing the
provisions of the Act. The Central Government will also constitute
a Central Energy Conservation Fund, from which grants and loans
will be given to the state governments for the implementation
of the Act.
The Government of Maharashtra
has notified the Maharashtra Energy Development Agency (MEDA),
as the designated agency to co-ordinate, regulate and enforce
the provisions of the Energy Conservation Act and implement
schemes under the said Act within the State. (Notification No.
ESA 1002/CR-8192-NRG-5 dated 12 March 2003. This is a significant
step forward for MEDA, which as the State nodal agency, now
has the additional responsibility of promoting and developing
energy efficiency, besides facilitating renewable energy development.
The BEE action plan has identified
10 thrust areas to reduce energy intensity in the Indian economy.
These are: Energy Conservation in Industry; Demand-side Management;
Standards and Labeling for Electrical Products; Energy Efficiency
in Buildings; Energy Conservation Building Codes; Energy Audits
and Management Certification; Manuals and Codes; Energy Efficiency
Policy Research; Incorporating Renewable Energy in School Education;
and Delivery Mechanism for Efficiency Services.
List of Energy Intensive Industries and Other Establishments
Specified as Designated Consumers
- Iron and Steel.
- Pulp and Paper.
- Port Trust.
- Transport Sector (industries and services).
- Petrochemical, gas crackers, Naptha crackers and petroleum
- Thermal power stations, hydel power stations, electricity
transmission companies and distribution companies.
- Commercial buildings or establishments.