Ministry of New & Renewable
Energy (MNRE) has initiated Remote village electrification program
with an objective to electrify remote census villages and remote
hamlets of electrified census villages through non-conventional
energy sources such as solar energy, small hydro power, biomass,
wind energy, hybrid systems, etc. Implementation of the program
will help to achieve the goal of 100% village electrification
in the country by 2012. By focusing on remote census villages
and remote hamlets of electrified census villages, the program
aims at bringing the benefits of electricity to people living
in the most backward and deprived regions of the country.
The program will, inter ally, cover the following
• Support for surveys and studies if required for firming up
of State-wise lists of remote un electrified census villages or remote
hamlets of electrified census villages; assessing the renewable energy
sources available in the villages and energy requirements of the community;
and, identification of appropriate technology options for electrification.
Preparation of State-wise Master Plans using such techniques as GIS
based mapping etc.
• Support for Installation of Power Plants based on solar energy,
small hydro power, biomass, wind and other renewable energy sources;
combination of renewable energy systems, or hybrid systems including
a small contribution from Diesel or other fuels, if required; and,
solar home systems, lighting and other systems for community purposes.
• Support for Training, institutional development, capacity
building, development of maintenance services, etc.
• Support for Monitoring and evaluation of individual projects,
or the program as a whole, including technical, operational, and socio-economic
aspects, user feedback, impact assessment, etc., development of management
information systems for proper coordination and monitoring , etc.
• Support for training and awareness program. Targeted at various
categories of personnel, stakeholders' meeting / conference, etc.
• Support for development of remote village specific electricity
generation systems and packages based on different non-conventional
Electrification of such un electrified
remote census villages based on Ministry of New & Renewable Energy
(MNRE), GoI, New Delhi guidelines is the main objective of Maharashtra
Energy Development Agency (MEDA). The un electrified remote census
villages which will not be electrified by conventional means by the
end of the eleventh Plan (2012), as certified by the concerned Power
Department / State Electricity Board, will be eligible for coverage
under the program.To ensure effective operation, maintenance and sustainability
of the projects, efforts are made to secure the participation of the
local community from inception. Appropriate arrangements will be made
for long term operation and maintenance, preferably for a period of
5 / 10 years, with a view to provide electricity supply for 3 to 4
hrs in remote villages and remote hamlets. A suitable Annual Maintenance
Contract (AMC) for a minimum period of 5 / 10 years is included, which
includes replacement of parts or components such as batteries, electronics,
lamps, bulbs, etc. for securing proper and sustained energy supply
services. The warranty and after-sales-service obligations will be
strictly enforced. To ensure sustainability of the projects which
for some reason are not covered by the 10 year AMC as above, revenue
generation from beneficiaries is be made mandatory through collection
of user charges (approximately Rs. 20/-) upfront and / or on annual
/ monthly basis. The revenue so generated will be utilized for meeting
the operation expenses or any other contingent expenditure. It will
also be utilized towards maintenance and repair expenses or replacement
of parts and components, after the expiry of the AMC.
Central Financial Assistance (CFA) up to 70% of the cost of the
projects is provided as grant for electrification of remote un electrified
census villages and remote hamlets of electrified census villages
under this program, with specific benchmarks as applicable in respect
of the technologies adopted for electrification. The balance 30% cost
of projects for remote village and remote hamlets Electrification
can be financed through sources such as State Govt. PMGY, MNP, RIDF,
Ministry of Tribal Affair, MPLAD / MLA LAD and the corporate sectors.
The implementing agencies is free to raise funds from these and other
sources, such as REC, PFC, etc., including users to meet their share
of cost of the project.
Maharashtra Energy Development Agency (MEDA) being
State Nodal Agency is implementing the RVE program in the state of
Maharashtra. Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Limited
(MAHADISCOM) earlier MSEB has forwarded MEDA the list of un-electrified
villages. MEDA carry out survey of such villages departmentally or
with the help of consultant of these field and forwarded Detailed
Project Reports (DPR) to Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE),
GoI, New Delhi for Central Finance Assistance and to State Government
for the provision of balance funds. The projects are implemented through
tendering after receipt of sanction. The brief information on the
technology adopted / proposed for the electrification at sanctioned
villages is as under;
SPV DOMESTIC LIGHTING SYSTEM:
The system comprises 2 or 4 nos. of 9W CFL of high luminous efficiency
(light output equivalent to a 60W incandescent lamp) with built-in
inverter, SPV Panel, charge controller, storage battery & indoor
luminaries. SPV Community systems are suitable for powering lamps
and a D.C fan (of 20 watts capacity).
SPV STREET LIGHTING SYSTEM:
System with 11 W Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFL)
has the unique feature of switching 'ON' at dusk and 'OFF' at dawn
automatically. The system comprises SPV Panel, battery and luminaries
fittings mounted suitably on a pole.
SPV POWER PLANT:
Conversion of Solar Energy into Electrical Energy
is called Solar Photovoltaic Energy. The main component of this plant
are Solar Photovoltaic modules, Inverter, Battery, Electronics controls,
Control room, Transmission and Distribution systems, poles for Street
lighting, Compact Fluorescent Tubes (CFL) of 11 watts used in households
and in street lighting. The electricity is stored in battery bank
through the Solar Photovoltaic panels of the required capacity. The
individuals then use the stored / generated electricity transmitted
through inverter, Transmission and Distribution line, poles and CFL
of 11 watts.
here to view achivement.
to see List of villages electrified up 31/10/2012. (MNRE Norms and
Rural Village Electrification